What exactly is this phenomenon? The term, which was introduced into the Polish language by Jan Bułhak in 1927, was intended to distinguish artistic photography from professional photography and, by using the word "graphics", to include it in the world of fine arts. Bułhak and his contemporary artists associated with the Polish Photo Club wanted to create images using cameras, and their technical mastery helped them achieve various effects. The concept of "photography" includes both soft frames of native landscapes, experimental photomontages, as well as posters and album covers combining photographic and graphic elements. In turn, in the late 1950s, a new quality was added to this concept by Edward Hartwig, who set the direction for photographic experiments in Poland for the following years, or even decades.